Corporations are willing to lower emissions but who is coming to the rescue with affordable and effective low emissions technology?
Truly defeating climate change will mean getting to net-zero carbon emissions. That means decarbonizing everything. Every economic sector. Every use of fossil fuels.
And actually, there are some sectors, some uses of fossil fuels, that industry does not yet know how to decarbonize. Take, for instance, industrial heat: the extremely high-temperature heat used to make steel and cement.
The low-carbon option for heavy industry
Heavy industry is responsible for around 22 percent of global greenhouse gas, CO2 emissions. The fact is, today, virtually all of that combustion is fossil-fueled, and there are very few viable low-carbon alternatives. Industrial heat is the biggest problem to solve, carbon-wise. And Brown’s Gas stands out as the only proven solution.
Light is being cast into this blind spot with the release in late 2020 of reports by Peter Griffiths, the Founder CEO at YBG Group International Pty Ltd of Sydney, Australia articulating the existing heavy industry industrial applications of Brown’s Gas HHO (industrial applications of Brown’s Gas ).
Here is an overview of why industrial heat is so difficult to decarbonize.
Why industrial heat was a problem
The biggest industrial emitters are alumina, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, oil refining, glass and steel.
These are large, long-term capital investments, that involve facilities and equipment meant to last from 30 to 60 years. Few industrial facilities show signs of imminent closure, especially in developing countries making deployment of replacement facilities and technologies problematic.
At the very least, the Brown’s Gas solution needs to be adopted as it works with existing equipment.
Not knowing about Brown’s Gas, each of these industries thought they needed its own solution. Brown’s Gas as an hydrogen-hybrid that integrates oxygen as a universal solution for heavy industry combustion support.
The Brown’s Gas generator is not an ordinary electrolyzer or fuel cell that merely produces hydrogen. This is evidenced by the Brown’s Gas characteristics of having an Interactive Heat Effect and Implosive characteristics (refer to Brown’s Gas FAQ ). In contrast hydrogen has a fixed heat value and explodes.
Brown’s Gas harvests electrical energy from the ambient atmosphere and gains electron volts (a unit of measurement):
Brown’s Gas is a double panacea as it improves fuel efficiency and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. No other heat option compares in this regard.
Despite a cement kiln working differently to the reactors that power chemical conversions, as does a glassblower, or a blast furnace. Universal substitution for these specific operational characteristics is made easy and affordable with Brown’s Gas.
The options with Brown’s Gas are endless.
Ability of alternatives to destroy emissions.
Knowing about Brown’s Gas the pathway toward net-zero carbon emission for industry is clear, and no other options compare.
Imagined combustion support alternatives:
Biodiesel or woodchips can be combusted directly as a low cost alternative to fossil fuels.
- Electric current:
Electricity can be used to run electric arc furnaces for steel manufacture.
- Grey and blue hydrogen:
Is traditionally produced through steam reforming fossil fuels which creates more emissions.
- Radioactive nuclear energy:
Give off heat that can be carried as steam.
- Carbon capture and storage (CCS):
Like the storage of radioactive nuclear wastes, CCS avoids decarbonizing completely, it is a corruption of other alternatives and costs money to capture and bury emissions.
All of these options have their difficulties and drawbacks. None of them is anywhere close to cost parity with Brown’s Gas.
Some alternatives are limited by the specific requirements of particular industrial processes. Cement kilns work better with energy-dense internal fuel; resistive electricity on the outer surface of metals doesn’t work as well.
But the biggest limitations are costs, where the news is negative. Viable alternatives raise operational costs. The least expensive alternatives only work indirectly by lowering the volumes of fossil fuel combusted. No alternative has the capability to destroy emissions as they are produced, with the exception of Brown’s Gas.
Being a Zero-point energy, Brown’s Gas implodes, it does not explode. When it implodes it disappears, and takes toxic emissions with it.
Hydrogen is deceptively marketed as the promising alternative.
In terms of ability to generate high-temperature heat, availability, and suitability to multiple purposes, hydrogen is probably the leading candidate among industrial-heat alternatives.
Unfortunately, the cost equation on hydrogen is not good: the cleaner it is, the more expensive it is.
The cheapest way to produce hydrogen, the way around 95 percent of it is now produced, is steam methane reforming (SMR), which reacts steam with methane in the presence of a catalyst at high temperatures and pressures. It is an extremely carbon-intensive process. When this grey hydrogen is captured and buried it is called blue hydrogen.
“Green hydrogen” is made using the electrolysis of water, using electricity to separate hydrogen from water, and wasting the oxygen content into the air When it is made with renewable energy it is touted as being carbon-free. However, it creates emissions when combusted.
Despite deceptive marketing, there is no such thing as a Zero Emission Hydrogen manufacturing plant. Hydrogen also accelerates the creation of emissions when co-burned with other fossil or biomass fuels. Only Brown’s Gas is known to factually reduce emissions from the combustion of any fuel.
Review of the alternatives available:
These numbers reflect today’s alternatives for existing facilities.
Only with Brown’s Gas is it possible to produce combustion support commodities on-site without capital infrastructure costs.
It is noteworthy that Carbon Capture and Storage is a corruption of emission destruction alternatives data. It takes no account of the decrease in operational costs for the volumes of fossil fuels saved by other alternatives.
Recommendations for how to move forward
In a head to head comparison of Hydrogen to the hydrogen-hybrid Brown’s Gas one needs to appreciate that Brown’s Gas combusts in its own envelope of oxygen. It takes nothing from the air to burn. In comparison, hydrogen uses the oxygen in the air to burn. And of course only Brown’s Gas implodes and destructs emissions.
Many alternatives to Brown’s Gas require new infrastructure (electrical lines or hydrogen pipelines, for example) and only government can provide the capital for this.
Whilst electrification of industrial processes is touted, the tremendously huge volumes of current needed for heavy industry heat processes dictates a complete upgrade of the electricity grid infrastructure.
A price on carbon would clearly propel Brown’s Gas forward as the only viable and affordable emissions reduction possibility.
One must consider that Government could soon simply mandate the declining use of fossil fuels in heavy industry sectors.
Even in other sectors that remain difficult to decarbonize including shipping, heavy long-haul freight, and airplanes, Brown’s Gas offers solutions.
It is obvious that Brown’s Gas can serve to fully decarbonize the entire corporation’s carbon footprint.
Examples, case studies, scientific resources and expert consulting advice on the application of Brown’s Gas to your corporation’s needs are available from Yull Brown’s Gas
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